MACDONALD E. IGHODARO,
Department of Sociology and Anthropology (Criminology)
Faculty of Social Sciences,
University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
The paper analyzes the discourse of refugee containment policy initiatives and how they violate established international human-rights and refugee law. The issues fostering containment and forced repatriation of African refugees are explored by examining the inequitable socio-political relationships that help explain the growing acceptance of containment framework and practice. The author utilized the resources in the Centre for Refugee Studies at York University, Toronto, Canada; Library Resources (Books); Academic Journals and Internet; and the Newspaper Articles to theorizes about and reviews the relevant literature dealing with the theoretical framework of containment policy issues to engage in a critical synthesis of refugee policy implementations and practices of exclusion and containment of refugees in global context. The paper’s objective is to critically interrogate issues impeding refugees’ rights, and shows how containment and exclusion policy not an option for most European refugee’s resettlement endeavors. The author uses the attacks of September 11, 2001 in the United States of America as one of the case studies to demonstrate how it is perpetually exploited by most countries in the North to practice refoulement, exclusion and containment of refugees. The findings explicitly show how the anti-terrorist measures undertaken by most countries in the North have severely degraded the UN Refugee Conventions, and assert that the United States and United Kingdom anti-terrorism acts permit arbitrary and indefinite imprisonment of refugees, and immigrants suspected of terrorist act – without proper legal representation and adequate appeal rights under the law.