BUREAUCRATIC CORRUPTION AND UNDERDEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS IN CROSS RIVER STATE.

Ottong, J. G
Department of Sociology/Demography
University of Calabar.
Bassey, A. O.
Department of Sociology
University of Calabar.
Archibong, E.
Department of Sociology
University of Calabar.
estajoan@yahoo.com

Summary
The study provides an empirical analysis of bureaucratic corruption in Nigeria. It examines the relationship between bureaucratic corruption and underdevelopment. It follows from a survey of 300 subjects drawn from public and private sector organizations. The questionnaire approach was complemented with in-depth interview of some strategically placed/selected persons in public and private organizations. The study also compares its findings with the Transparency International Ranking of Nigeria in the Global Corruption Perception Index. The findings of the study corroborate the Transparency International Ranking. It is concluded from the study that corruption is the cause of inefficiency and ineffectiveness of bureaucratic organizations, and that corruption leads to the failure of development projects and programmes thus, resulting in underdevelopment. In view of the findings, the study recommends a holistic approach to the fight against corruption and a comprehensive review and streamlining of anticorruption policies and programmes in Nigeria. It also recommends profesionalization of services, as well as internationalization of anti-corruption programmes by the United Nations Organization.

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Posted in VOLUME 12 N0. (1) APRIL 2010.

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