CRIME AND SEASONALITY IN NIGERIA: A SPATIO-TEMPORAL DISCUSSION OF THE SITUATION IN UYO URBAN

By
ANIEKAN S. BROWN
Department of Sociology & Anthropology,
University of Uyo – Nigeria.
E-mail: brown.aniekan@yahoo.com
&
CHUKWUDI C. EZIKEUDU
University of Calabar – Calabar

Summary
Extant literature on crime in Nigeria has placed emphasis on the institutional summersaults of the Nigeria Police and the aggressive behavior of deviant citizens. There appears to be a dearth of data as to the contribution of weather, climate and seasons to crime activities, prevention and control. This paper attempts to explain the relationship between weather, climate and crime in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, using the spatio-temporal analysis. One hundred and fifty households were interviewed to understand issues relating to the spatial and temporal perspectives of crime with specific emphasis on burglary, stealing, and robbery experiences. Pivoted by the social ecology theory, the results show that crime experiences in Uyo urban has seasonal, temporal and locational elements mostly explained in terms of the physical elements of seasons and time. The rainy seasons, night hours and locational environments were very prominent in explaining crime patterns in the city. Other intervening factors relating to seasonal effects came from periods of festivities and democratic political elections which witnessed high consumption and spending patterns as well as arms build-up (as in the case of election periods). While some physical elements of seasons and time have been useful in partially accounting for observed crime patterns in Uyo, the study suggests that the routine activity theory could much more be useful in understanding the general spatial and temporal pattern of robbery incident in Uyo.

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Posted in VOLUME 17 NO. 1 APRIL, 2015.

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