Editorial board

Editorial Statement

The journal was founded to provide academic and development experts in the Third World and beyond, the outlet to publish their research findings. We have no doubt that we are already achieving this objective. Our policy is to consider articles, which demonstrate originality of ideas, critical evaluation of issues and problems, clarity of expression and relevance to Third World Development. We insist that articles submitted to this journal should be original contribution and should not be under consideration in any other journal at the same time.
As the Editor-in-chief, I accept responsibility for any imperfections in this issue of the journal.

Professor I. V. O. Modo


Editor-in-Chief Professor Innocent V. O. Modo

Department of Sociology and Anthropology

University of Uyo, Nigeria



Dr. Mrs. Lea Molapo                  Department, of Social Anthropology/Sociology National University of Lesotho. P. O. Roma 180. Lesotho


Dr. A. Kapungwe                         Department of Social Development Studies,

University of Zambia, Lusaka


Dr. (Mrs.) Felicia N. Modo         Department of educational foundation/ guidance and counseling, University of Uyo, Nigeria


Dr. J. N. Kareithi                           Department of Anthropology, Moi University

Eldoret, Kenya.


Dr. Tata Ngenge Simon              Department of history, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon.

Simukai Shamu                           Department of community medicine, college of health sciences, University of Zimbabwe


Dr. Anthony Afful-Broni            Centre for Educational policy studies, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana




Prof. Paul Nkad Mbangwana                                           University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
Prof. Mike De Jongh                                                          University of South Africa, Pretoria
Prof. Maurice O. Ebong                                                     University of Calabar, Nigeria
Prof. D. S. Obikeze                                                              University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Prof. F. W. B. Akuffo                                                          University of Zambia, Lusaka
Prof. L. B. B. I. Machobane                                               National University of Lesotho, Rorna
Prof. Bruno L. Dimomfu                                                    University of Kinshasa, DRC
Prof. E. P. Kibuka                                                                Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Prof. Ajaga Nji                                                                     University of Dscliang. Cameroon
Prof. Michael M. Cernea                                                    The World Bank Washington. DC
Prof. F. 0. C. Nwonwu                                                        University of Free State South Africa
Prof. Verkijika Fanso                                                          University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
Prof. Paul Nkwi                                                                    University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
Prof. Victor B. Arnaazee                                                     University of Yaounde I, Cameroon


Professor I. V. O. Modo
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Uyo
Uyo, Akwa lhom State
GSM +234 8023351961, +234 8034327026
E-mail: ogotel@yahoo.com / innocentmodo@gmail.com


Dr Chima Izugbara
Senior Research Scientist,
Africa Population and Health Research Centre
Nairobi, Kenya
E-mail; cizugbara@aphrc.org