Solomon C. Madubuike
Bowen University, Iwo Osun State
The focus of this study has to do with the problems faced by Ogoni people whose indigenous means of livelihood [land and water resources] entitlement system and processes have been displaced by oil economic activities [oil exploitation and production activities] in the area since 1956. In response to this, organizations like the Movement for the Survival of Ogoni People [MOSOP], National Youth Council of Ogoni People [NYCOP] Federation of Ogoni Women Association [FOWA], and Council of Ogoni Traditional Rulers Association [COTRA], emerged as stakeholders in the area. In some cases, some members of these organizations engage in bloodletting intra-communal conflicts. The resultant impact is loss of lives and underdevelopment in their homeland. Moreover, unrestrained stakeholder’s conflict takes place at the expense of the masses that do not benefit enough from oil economy. This is the background against which the present study examined the stakeholders’ conflict objectives and roles in in the oil economy in Ogoniland. The study revealed that there is need to provide a more holistic framework for resolving stakeholders’ conflicts in Ogoniland. The author argues that a more satisfactory way to handle the stakeholders’ conflicts is to articulate the interests of the masses through constructive dialogue approach. Thus, socio-economic hardship and environmental problems caused by crude-oil exploration and production activities in the area should be solved in favour of the masses. The study strongly recommends that the traditional economic strategies of the people must be developed in line with modern economy.