This study focused on investigating whether the Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT), Imo State Chapter, through its efforts as the representative of the collective will of teachers in Imo State, has been able to ensure payment of adequate wages to teachers in public schools in Imo State. It went further to examine how this effort, whether positive or not, has affected the performance of teachers. Three Local Government Areas in Imo State, namely Owerri Municipal, Owerri North and Owerrri West LGAs, were purposively selected for this study. Six hundred and ninety eight (698) respondents participated in the study and 15 key persons in the State and LGA Offices of the NUT were interviewed. Analysis of the data was based on simple percentages. The study found, among others, that the wages teachers receive in Imo State are inadequate and this affects the performance of teachers and the educational system in general. It recommends that, to attract and retain high performance and result oriented teachers, the NUT must endeavour to impress on the state government to take positive steps in considering the seemingly recurrent demands of teachers for the payment of adequate and equitable wages in this competitive environment of a 21st century Nigeria and to stem the tide of recurring disputes in the education sector.