NIGERIA’S ENVIRONMENTAL CAPITAL ABUSE IN THE SAVANNAH REGION SINCE 1960S: IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

By

Dominic A. Akpan
Department of History and International Studies
University of Uyo, Uyo
Email: apkng2002@yahoo.com
GSM: 08035806603

And

Mohammed Ahmed
Department of Vocational Education
University of Uyo, Uyo
GSM: 08053400327

ABSTRACT
Environmental capital is concerned with forest, soil quality and rangeland. For many years, indeed before independence environmental issues were not taken seriously in Nigeria until the Koko River Port toxic waste deposition from Italy in 1988. Today the issue of environmental preservation is squarely before us as a state and as individuals. Environment is nucleus to man’s existence anywhere in the world. Good environment has the potency of expanding the frontiers of man economically, politically and socio-culturally. Man is at the centre of environmental issues. In Nigeria, environmental capital has been variously abused through man’s activities in various stages of its development. The abuse takes these forms – poor farming methods, over grazing, over cropping, lumbering for construction, fetching wood for fuel, deforestation, poor waste disposal and erosion. Within the region environmental abuse has increased and intensified desertification placing that part of Nigeria on the fringe of the desert. Before 1960 and after independence the northern fringes of Nigeria-Sudan and Sahel Savanna were not tortuously engulfed by desert activities as it is now. These activities have impacted on food and cash crop production and indeed holistically human sustainability. There is need for action-from individuals, government at all levels, non governmental organizations for preservation of this region for posterity.

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Posted in VOLUME 13 N0. (2) SEPTEMBER 2011.

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