SOCIO-CULTURAL PRACTICES (SCPs) AND THE PERFORMACNE OF SMALL- SCALE BUSINESS (SSB) IN RURAL COMMUNITIES OF AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

BY
CHIJIOKE, BASIL ONUGHA
Department of Political Science and Public Administration
AND
OKON SUNDAY UDOH
Department of Sociology and Anthropology,
University of Uyo, Nigeria
E-mail: okonudoh2015@gmail.com
PHONE: 08038688714

SUMMARY

The study is designed to examine the impact of Socio-Cultural Practices (SCP) on the performance of Small-Scale Business (SSB) in Awka Ibom State. Data were collected from two hundred and eighty four (284) respondents. Thirty six (36) respondents SSB were purposively selected (eighteen from Urban and Rural Areas, respectively. Structured questionnaire which was divided into four (4) sections was developed using Likert Scale of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Disagree (D), and Strongly Disagree (SD). Descriptive statistics was used to interpret data using Group Arithmetic Mean (GAM), Mean Weight Values (MWV) and simple percentage. Findings from the study show that, certain Socio-cultural beliefs and practices such as the fear of being bewitched/persecuted, patronage of SSB along traditional, religious and ethnic lines, gender discrimination against women, and fear of taking of loans/credit, among others, hinder the progress of SSB in the state. The study recommends that, cultural education, women empowerment and rural infrastructural development should be pursued vigorously to reduce the negative effects of SBB and to encourage more SSB entrepreneurs to join the train.

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Posted in VOLUME 18 NO.1 APRIL, 2016.

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