THE 1976 LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORMS AND STATE / LOCAL GOVERNMENT RELATIONS IN NIGERIA (1976-2007)

AKPANIM N. EKPE
Department of Public Administration
Akwa Ibom State University,
Obio Akpa Campus, Nigeria

SUMMARY
The interplay of many levels of governmental unit relating with one another through sharing of responsibilities to advance the course of governance offers illuminating literature in the study intergovernmental relations (IGR). The concept of IGR originated in the United States of America sometime in the 1950s, as a replacement for federalism. IGR implies a stream of activities intended to ameliorate conflicts inherent in a federal arrangement or interactions among levels of government. This paper probes into recurring problems that generate IGR conflicts and confrontations between state and local government in Nigeria The paper adopts pluralism theoretical framework which perceives power as dispersed among various tiers of government aimed at fostering, bargaining, consultations and compromises as vital ingredients in our governmental system and democracy. The paper adopts a historical / descriptive and analytical method of enquiry and generates data solely from books, journal articles, magazines, newspapers and the internet. The paper contends that continuous encroachment of state government on the affairs of local government is detrimental to grassroots development and progress of the third tier of governance in Nigeria. The introduction of bargaining and cooperative IGR model is recommended which recognizes the local government as a third tier of government sharing partnership with other tiers to advance the course of national development in Nigeria.

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Posted in VOLUME 16 N0. (2) SEPTEMBER 2014.

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