TRENDS AND PATTERNS OF PEASANT FARMING AND THE THREAT TO NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA

BY
LUCKY OSARETIN ODIA
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
University of Benin, P.M.B. 1154,
Benin City, Edo State-Nigeria
email: odialucko@yahoo.com
+2348059253070, +2348131163899
And
EMMANUEL OBUKOVWO OKAKA
Department of Political Science and Sociology
Western Delta University
Oghara, Delta State.
email: emokaka@yahoo.com
Summary
Significant proportion of Nigeria’s farming population is into peasant farming. Peasant farming in Nigeria is associated with – subsistence cultivation, using crude implements, with little or no capital. The produce from the farms add little or no value to the economy due to lack of processing/ packaging facilities, poor marketing situation, lack of incentives, little or no savings, lack of funds for investment, absence of information from research institutions/ services of extension workers – thus hindering the desired degree of progress in the nation’s agricultural sector. The more than 70% of the country’s population acclaimed to be in farming are desirous of a favourable structural alteration capable of transforming them from the shackles of poverty/penury to actually serving as an engine in actualizing the quest for food sufficiency and food security for the nation. With these numerous challenges of farming, this study therefore seeks to examine the state and consequences of peasant farming in Nigeria in order to, identify possible remedies to challenges posed by peasantry. To achieve the objective of this study, these researchers relied on secondary data from previous studies on related issues to arrive at its conclusion. This paper is of the view that the quest for food sufficiency/ food security for the nation is attainable if only the farmers are not seen as people in a pitiable condition in need of mere handouts, but as people in dire need of opportunities to properly harness the naturally endowed potentials in their domain.

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Posted in VOLUME 17 NO. 2 SEPTEMBER, 2015.

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