CHRIS ODONIOWEI OPUKRI
Department of Political Science
Niger Delta University, P.M.B. 071
The Niger Delta area has gone through several turbulences over economic resources that exist in the area. This has been the case from the colonial struggles (1861) between the chiefs of the Niger Delta and the British Royal Niger Company to 1966 when Boro’s Niger Delta Volunteer Force sought for independence for the territory. Of recent, Nigeria has been faced by youth uprising in the Niger Delta, over the mineral resources found in the area. This has led to loss of life and property and the disruption of the economic life of the nation, especially, crude oil and gas. The federal government in an attempt to solve the problem had resorted to military, constitutional and some financial overtures without success. The current attempts of the creation of a Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs and an amnesty programme for militant youths are now relied upon as a possible solution. This paper holds that unless certain structural adjustments are applied, the ministry and its amnesty arm may not produce an atmosphere of peace that is consequential for human development and exploitation of the minerals.